Updated: Dec 22, 2017
If you want to keep a leafy and productive garden you should provide it the right amount of air and water so that the essential nutrients can penetrate the soil. The gardens that have a compact and firm ground do not let oxygen, water and nutrients reach the roots of the lawn. Aerating the garden helps the soil absorb the water and let the air circulate without any problem.
What exactly is the aeration?
Aeration is a lawn maintenance technique, which consists of aerating the soil through surface perforations (between 2 and 6 inches) to create conduits through which air, water and nutrients can be accessed to the ground and avoiding compaction of the soil.
Aeration shoes are perfect for ensuring that air, water and nutrients penetrate the roots of the grass to produce a beautiful, stronger and more vigorous lawn. Aerator shoes for your lawn are more effectively in confined areas. The shoes have steel spikes inserted in the sandals that go on your footwear, the spikes create small holes in the ground when walking that help relieve soil compaction while allowing the penetration of all the nutrients that a healthy grass requires.
When is the best time to aerate your lawn?
1) Find out about the type of lawn you have. The different types of lawn have different periods of active growth throughout the year. It is best to aerate your lawn just before or during your most active growth period to ensure that you can grow back quickly and recover from the process, for example: • Warm-season lawns, such as buffalo grass, bermuda grass and San Agustin lawn, grow more actively during the summer. If you have grass of this type, you'd better air it in late spring or early summer. • Cold-season lawns such as Kentucky bluegrass, lolium, and fescue grass grow more actively during the fall, when the temperature drops. Just make sure you air it in time so you can recover a month before the first frost.
2) Find out about the type of land you have. The dense and clayey soil needs to be aerated frequently, once a year, as it tends to be very compact. The sandy soil can be aerated every two years.
3) Be aware of the use you give to the grass.
• Do you usually drive on the lawn? Do large groups of people usually walk on it? If your lawn is frequently stepped on, you will have to aerate it every year to prevent the soil from over-compacting. • Have you re-planted your lawn recently? It is best not to aerate your lawn until a year after you re-plant it, as you will need enough time to grow strong. • Find out how often you should aerate your lawn by observing the depth of the roots on the ground. If the roots do not reach a depth greater than 2 inches, you must aerate the soil.
Prepare the garden for aeration.
Garden aerators work best on clean and mowed lawns. • Sweep lawns to remove leaves, branches and other organic material, preventing them from hampering the aerator. • Mow the lawn before aerating it, so the aerator can easily penetrate the soil. If your lawnmower does not have a bag for storing the grass, sweep and discard them or let it turn into compost when you are finished.
Fertilize your garden after aerating it.
Spread compost, sand, peat, or other fertilizer onto the garden floor so the lawn will re-grow after aeration. The soil will easily absorb the fertilizer through the holes newly made with the aerator.